Domestic workers in Thailand: their situations, challenges andthe role of civil society
Foundation for Child Development (FCD), through the Child Labour Project, has been working on the advocacy of child domestic worker protection for several years. In 2003, there was an advocacy for draft Domestic Worker Protection Act, but to no vail. In 2007, FCD has worked on a plan to push forwards a draft ministerial regulation to protect domestic workers through the cooperation of government and non government units. A working group has been established to prepare the suggestions for draft ministerial regulation to protect domestic workers. The group comprises Director of Office of Labour Protection, Ministry of Labour, of Office of Woman and Child Trafficking Protection and Solution, Ministry of Social Development and Human Security, Judge of Central Labour Court, academics from Mahidol University, Thammasat University, Institute of Asian Studies, Chulalongkorn University, lawyers and NGOs.
Talking about the occupational safety, most will think of the working environment the employers shall provide for the employees. Who does the word ?employees? cover? Workers work the industry factory or construction site where their environment is vulnerable to accidents, injuries, lost, and death. That?s correct. According to the ministerial regulation of Ministry of Labour on the Occupational Safety, Heath and Environment on March 31, 1997, it defines a few types of work protected by the regulation such as mine, chemical petroleum, construction, transportation, and fuel station
Domestic worker is considered as an undervalued and indignity job. Domestic workers suffer from prejudice on account of their frequent exclusion from the coverage labour legislation due to its private nature of work and obstacles they face in exercising freedom of association, not to mention the clumsy character of household helper in the TV soap dramas presenting servants who do any things when they are told to. The domestic workers eventually consider themselves inferior or unregulated to claim for any rights or welfare.
Since the unrest in the 3 deep southern provinces of